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Osseous surgery is a type of surgery that reshapes the bone that holds one or more teeth in place and is often used to treat bone loss around multiple teeth.
How It’s Done
First, Dr. Walia will cut around each tooth in the area being treated to release the gum tissue from the bone. This allows access to the roots and bone. After the roots have been cleaned, Dr. Walia will use a drill and sharp hand tools to reshape the bone around the teeth. Bone is removed in certain areas to restore the normal rise and fall (contour) of the bone, but at a lower level. Sometimes a bone grafting material also may be placed in large defects.
Dr. Walia then will place the gums back over the remaining bone and stitch them in place. The site also may be covered with a bandage known as a periodontal pack or dressing.
Before your surgery, you need to have basic periodontal treatment called scaling and root planing. You also must take good care of your teeth. You should brush twice a day and floss daily.
A local anesthetic is used to numb the area for surgery.
You may get a prescription for pain medicine to use after surgery.
It is very important for you to keep your mouth as clean as possible while you heal. This means you should brush and floss the rest of your mouth normally. If you don’t have a periodontal pack over the surgical site, you can use a toothbrush to gently remove plaque from the teeth.
Mouth rinses containing chlorhexidine are commonly prescribed after periodontal surgery. These rinses do not remove plaque from the teeth. They do slow down the growth of plaque by killing bacteria, and they help your mouth heal.
You may also have some swelling after surgery. You can reduce swelling by applying an ice pack to the outside of your face in the treated area. In some situations, you may get a prescription for antibiotics to prevent an infection. Be sure to take them as instructed. Dr. Walia will want to examine the area again in 7 to 10 days.
When To Call
Chandan will monitor you closely after surgery, and will examine you often during the next few months. Call if you have excessive bleeding that does not stop. Also call if the area swells up and the pain gets worse one week after the surgery. It may be a sign of developing infection that must be treated promptly.