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Pocket Reduction Surgery
Gum disease is a serious oral health condition that affects not just your gums, but your jawbone, your teeth, and your overall health as well. It starts when bacteria and plaque on your teeth irritate your gums, which triggers an inflammatory response. The condition only worsens over time and can lead to gum recession, tooth loss, and serious health complications.
A major issue caused by gum disease is the formation of periodontal pockets, which collect plaque and bacteria, allowing the disease to progress. At Implants & Periodontal Arts, we can help to stop the progression of gum disease and restore the health of your mouth with pocket reduction surgery.
How Periodontal Pockets Form
When you have gum disease, your gum tissue is irritated. This is caused by the plaque and bacterial buildup on your teeth. The irritation leads to an inflammatory response that causes your gum tissue to swell. Over time, the tissue begins to pull away from your teeth. This causes gaps between the gums and your teeth, or periodontal pockets.
Bacteria, plaque, and other debris accumulate in the pockets, which causes more irritation. As a result, the tissue swells more, causing the pockets to grow deeper. Eventually, the bacteria reach your jawbone and periodontal ligaments. Here, they can destroy these supportive structures, causing bone loss. This bone loss loosens your teeth and can eventually lead to tooth loss.
What is Pocket Reduction Surgery?
In earlier stages of gum disease, your oral health can be restored with scaling and root planing, However, if the pockets are too deep, scaling and root planing will not be enough. We will not be able to reach all the way to the bottom of the pockets to provide your teeth with the cleaning they need. Instead, pocket reduction surgery is needed. This is a surgical procedure that is done to clean the teeth and reduce the depths of the pockets so that your gums and mouth can heal.
During the procedure, incisions are made in the gums to expose the roots of the teeth. This allows for a more thorough cleaning. We clean all of the surfaces of your teeth, including the crown surfaces and the root surfaces, removing all buildup. We are even able to remove stubborn tartar, or calculus. Smoothing the surfaces of your teeth ensures that the gum tissue will be able to begin reattaching. After the teeth are cleaned, an antibacterial rinse is used to help kill any lingering bacteria. Finally, your gums are sutured closed.
Benefits of Pocket Reduction Surgery
There are numerous benefits associated with pocket reduction surgery. These benefits include:
- Reducing the spread of bacteria. This helps to protect not just your oral health, but your overall health as well.
- Putting a stop to bone loss in your jaw. This helps to protect the stability of your teeth.
- Making your oral health easier to maintain. As your gums reattach to your teeth, the pockets become shallower. This makes taking care of your mouth at home much easier.
- Improving the quality of your smile. As your gums heal, they appear healthier, which helps to improve your smile.
Types of Pocket Reduction Surgery
There are a few different types of pocket reduction surgery.
- Gingivectomy and gingivoplasty. A gingivectomy is a procedure that involves removing gum tissue. A gingivoplasty involves reshaping your healthy gum tissue around your teeth.
- Flap surgery. Flap surgery is a procedure that involves thoroughly cleaning the teeth affected by advanced gum disease. This often also requires the reshaping of bone surrounding the teeth.
- Osseous surgery. Osseous surgery is a procedure that involves smoothing and reshaping bone around teeth affected by gum disease. It helps to treat areas of bone loss and may require a bone graft.
When gum disease has advanced and can no longer be treated with scaling, and root planing, pocket reduction surgery becomes necessary. For more information, and to schedule your appointment, call Implants & Periodontal Arts today at 602-825-2211.
Implants & Periodontal Arts / Endo Arts
Chandan Walia D.D.S.
3800 W Ray Road, Ste B6 Chandler, AZ 85226
Mon 9:00 - 5:00
Tue 9:00 - 5:00
Wed 9:00 - 5:00
Thu 9:00 - 5:00
Fri 9:00 - 5:00
Sat 9:00 - 2:00