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At Implants & Periodontal Arts we offer some restorative treatments designed to repair or replace missing teeth, such as dental implants. A dental implant is a small titanium post that mimics the root component of a prosthesis. While most patients will qualify for implant treatment, there are some stipulations. Besides being in outstanding oral health, patients are required to have a strong, dense, and healthy bone structure. This is where bone grafts come into play.
Factors that Affect Jaw Bone Volume
- Periodontal Disease – Periodontal disease can affect and permanently damage the jaw bone that supports the teeth. Affected areas progressively worsen until the teeth become unstable.
- Tooth Extraction – Studies have shown that patients who have experienced a tooth extraction subsequently lose 40-60% of the bone surrounding the extraction site during the following three years. Loss of bone results in what is called a “bone defect.”
- Injuries and Infections – Dental injuries and other physical injuries resulting from a blow to the jaw can cause the bone to recede. Infections can also cause the jaw bone to recede in a similar way.
Reasons for a Bone Graft
The root part of a tooth provides physical stimulation to your jawbone. When you lose a tooth, you lose this physical stimulation. Without physical stimulation, the bone will deteriorate over time. If the bone becomes too thin or too soft, it will be unable to properly support an implant screw.
A bone graft is designed to foster the growth of new, healthy bone, and improve your chances of successful implant treatment. Dr. Walia may recommend a bone graft immediately following tooth extraction. A bone graft will limit or prevent bone deterioration in the socket.
Periodontal (gum) disease can also affect your jawbone. As periodontal disease progresses, the infection spreads to the connective ligaments, soft tissues, and underlying bone. This can lead to permanent damage in the jawbone, and eventually tooth loss. Injuries and physical trauma may also cause the bone to recede. A bone graft can help stabilize the jaw and restructure the bone to provide additional support.
Types of Bone Grafts
There are a few types of grafting procedures, some of which include:
- Ridge expansion – During the procedure, we divide the bone and place graft material into the division to widen the upper jaw.
- Alveolar ridge preservation – A form of localized ridge augmentation to prevent future bone deterioration in the socket.
- Sinus lift – During the procedure, we lift the sinus membrane and place graft material above the premolar and molar teeth, which increases the height of your bone in the upper jaw.
Graft material can come from several sources. If the bone comes from a deceased human donor, it is known as an allograft. We can also harvest graft material from other bone-dense areas of your body during an autograft. This is the preferred method because it produces the most predictable results. In some instances, the graft material can come from a non-human source, such as a cow. This is known as a xenograft.
The Bone Graft Procedure
During a consultation appointment, Dr. Walia will determine if you are a suitable candidate for a bone graft. Once we decide on which grafting procedure is right for you, we can schedule your surgery. During the surgery, we will make an incision in the gum tissue above the grafting area. Next, we will shape the graft material to fit the area. Once the material is securely in place, we will suture the incision.
After your surgery, you will undergo a brief healing period. While your soft tissue heals relatively fast, new bone growth often takes several months. The graft material will fuse with your existing bone to foster new cell growth. Once the growth is complete, we can proceed with restorative treatment.
Schedule a Consultation
If you would like to learn more about bone grafts, call 480-963-2787, and schedule a consultation now!
Implants & Periodontal Arts / Endo Arts
Chandan Walia D.D.S.
3800 W Ray Road, Ste B6 Chandler, AZ 85226
Mon 9:00 - 5:00
Tue 9:00 - 5:00
Wed 9:00 - 5:00
Thu 9:00 - 5:00
Fri 9:00 - 5:00
Sat 9:00 - 2:00